Tepe Sialk is a large ancient archeological site (a tepe or Persian tappeh, “hill” or “mound”) in a suburb of the city of Kashan, in central Iran, close to Fin Garden. The culture that inhabited this area has been linked to the Zayandeh River Culture.
Sialk is one of four ziggurats built by the Elamite civilization. The other three are:
- Tchogha Zanbil (1250 BC)
- Susa Ziggurat (1800 BC)
- Haft Tepe (1375 BC), (all in Khuzestan)
The Sialk ziggurat has 3 platforms, and although the ziggurat itself was built in 2900 BC, it still predates Ur-Namu’s Ziggurat, which was built in 2100 BC. However, the earliest archeological remains of the north mound date back to the middle of the 6th millennium BC, i.e. about 7500 years ago.
Sialk, and the entire area around it, is thought to have been originated as a result of the pristine large water sources nearby which still run today. The “Cheshmeh ye Soleiman” (Solomon’s spring) has been bringing water to this area from nearby mountains for thousands of years.
Artifacts from the excavations in Sialk ended up mostly at the Louvre, while some can be found at the British Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and the National Museum of Iran, as well as in the hands of private collectors. These artifacts consisted of some very fine painted potteries.